An auto wrecker is essentially an auto recycler for end-of-life cars. Auto recycling has become a huge industry worldwide. The reason for this is that recycling damaged/ dysfunctional functional cars is necessary for their safe disposal. Recycling of cars is beneficial for the environment as well.
Let us see how an auto wrecker recycles a dysfunctional car:
Step 1: Bringing the car to the wrecking yard
Cars that are discarded need to be brought to the wrecking yard. Some car owners sell their cars to auto wreckers. They may bring the car to the yard. However, if the car is in a state that it cannot be brought to the yard, auto wreckers offer the services of towing such vehicles. Some owners may abandon their cars on the road. Auto wreckers tow away such cars also.
Step 2: Removal of parts
Various parts of the car are removed carefully for sale/ disposal. Parts such as engine, chassis, battery, catalytic converter are removed first. Next, the wheels and tires are removed. After this the fluids such as antifreeze, engine oil, brake fluid, transmission fluid, etc. are removed. This is followed by removal of functional parts such as stereo, mirrors, headlights, tail lights, etc.
Step 3: Restoration of parts
Certain parts may have minor damages which can be repaired. These are restored.
Step 4: Recycling of car parts
Many parts are recycled. For instance, old car batteries are used for manufacturing new ones. Fluids such as antifreeze can be recycled to produce fresh antifreeze. Oils are recycled to produce fuels, etc. Parts such as tires and broken glass find application in other areas.
Step 5: Recycling Steel
The major portion of the car is its body which contains steel. This is crushed into a small chunk and then shred and sold. This steel finds application in many areas. Steel is in great demand worldwide. Its production is harmful to the environment. This is because it uses up our ores other natural resources and releases greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Using recycled steel is economical and reduces the demands on the environment.
Therefore we see that auto recycling yields a large number of car parts which can be reused. The good news is that most people now prefer used car parts instead of new ones. The main reason for this is that used parts are much cheaper than new parts.
Hence, we see that an auto wrecker does a service for the society by recycling a car!